It’s an ancient fortification on the mountain designed for Herod the Great done between 37 and 31 BCE. Located in the Southern District of Israel, on top of a segregated rock plateau, similar to a mesa, on the eastern edge of the Judaean Desert, overlooking the Dead Sea 20 km east of Arad.
The relation between Geography and Architecture in this example is that Masada is a dramatically located site of great natural beauty overlooking the Dead Sea, constructed a sumptuous palace complex in classical Roman style. Known as an outstanding example of an opulent architectural design, elaborately engineered and constructed in extreme conditions. The cliff of Masada is, geologically speaking, a horst. Masada is about 400 m high, and the cliffs on the west are about 90 m high, the natural approaches to the cliff top are very difficult to navigate. The fortress included storehouses, barracks, an armory, a palace, and a water system that collects run-off water from a single day’s rain to sustain life for a thousand people over a period of 2 or 3 years.